Having healthy eyes is something many people think about only after they begin to have eye health problems. However, once eye diseases and conditions start, the problem has already progressed. Prevent eye problems before they start with the right habits early-on. The 20s and 30s are great years to practice healthy habits to avoid vision problems later in life.
Your eyes reach full development over the course of the first 10 years of your life. Color vision will develop in the first 5 months of life. Newborns only see 8-12 inches from their face at first, then develop farther distance vision over time. In the first 3 months, the eyes uncross and start to coordinate, rapidly improving vision. Between 5 and 8 months, healthy eyes start to see objects in all 3 dimensions. Depth perception increases as mobility with crawling and walking starts.
Changes in vision can happen after the first year of eye development. Often, refractive errors of the eyes will set in during this time. That means distant or close blurry vision. Nearsightedness means you can see objects up close clearly, while those farther away are blurry. Farsightedness is the opposite and affects 14.2 million Americans, while nearsightedness affects about 42% of all Americans. Astigmatism is an eye error that also causes blurry vision.
All of these eye conditions happen because light focuses at the wrong place on the retina tissue, or the tissue inside the eye that takes in light information. Because the focus point is wrong, cells in your retina tissue won’t give the right information to your brain of what you are seeing, so you see blurry. Refractive errors grow worse if you don’t invest in glasses or contact lenses. Other eye issues develop due to diseases based on genetics and age or eye conditions caused by not protecting your eyes.
Vision changes start emerging rapidly around 40 and especially after 60. Hormones and lifestyle can make those vision changes happen quicker for women as compared to men. However, there are common vision problems that affect the population as a whole over the span of a lifetime. Here are some facts about vision difference in men and women with certain eye diseases or issues:
So what can you do? Even though we say “healthy eyes in your 20s”, these are things you can do before that time to protect your vision from damage and blurriness:
Presbyopia is quite common as you start to age more and more, and the risk is higher with each passing decade. This is when your eye tissues lose a bit of their focusing ability, which may mean you need to wear glasses when reading when you didn’t use to. Objects may gradually become blurry to you up-close over the years. This is normal and can be helped with the right glasses or contact lenses. Frequent eye exams help detect this problem and any diseases before they really get going and the 20s and 30s are important years for those exams.
Make sure you get an eye exam by an ophthalmologist at least every 2 years. Only these doctors can detect vision changes and can provide preventative measures to avoid eye diseases that may develop or are starting to. To reduce your risk for eye diseases and to have healthy eyes, focus on diet. Eat nutritious foods full of vitamins and minerals. Cut out processed, greasy and sugar-packed foods that cause more inflammation in your body, which can affect your eyes. Make sure you’re getting plenty of protein so your eyes can build and repair cells correctly. Take nutrition supplements as-needed to fill the holes in your diet. Wear protective eye wear as much as possible and let your eye doctor know about vision problems that run in your family. To schedule your exam, call Peeper’s Optical today at (303) 333-2800!