After age 40 and especially 60, eyesight can diminish and vision problems are more common. However, vision is actually different depending on if you are male or female. Studies show that color perception, detail, and sensitivity to contrast are among other variations in how men and women view the world. There are reasons those differences exist, which are based in both genetic makeup and interactions with the environment.
At birth, infants have limited vision because there was a limited ability to develop it in the womb. Infants can see only about 8-12 inches from their faces for several weeks to several months. Color vision is something that has to develop as well as depth perception, central vision, coordinating eyes and more. An infant’s eyes will develop rapidly over the first 8 months of life until they are at a normal vision level. However, vision changes can continually happen or vision abilities can develop over the first 10 years of life. To make sure vision develops correctly, children should continually see an eye doctor all throughout childhood.
Vision changes start to emerge throughout adulthood, especially after age 40 with a higher risk of developing farsightedness. Those changes happen much more frequently after age 60 and especially after age 75. Hormones and lifestyle can make those vision changes happen quicker for women as compared to men. However, there are common vision problems that affect the population as a whole over the span of a lifetime.
Your eyes take in light from the objects around you, interpret that light with the retina tissue in your eye. Once your retina interprets color vision and details, it sends that information to your brain via the optic nerve, and your brain makes sense of what you are seeing. In this way, your brain actually does the “seeing” for you, while your eyes are the tools that take in all the information your brain needs to make vision possible.
However, differences in the normal development of the eye tissues, hereditary conditions, environmental factors, lifestyle, nutrition and more can all determine if you have vision changes over time. Many people are born with vision changes that lead to nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. These are all refractive errors of the eye where light focuses before or after the retina tissue of the eye (the interpreter) or if light focuses in two different places. That focus in the wrong place is why some people see blurry far away (nearsightedness) or close up (farsightedness). These conditions are very common, with nearsightedness affecting about 42% of people (about 34 million) over time and farsightedness affecting 14.2 million.
Other common conditions include:
As people age, there are definite differences in vision changes that happen between men and women. Women are more likely to develop vision problems over time, which could be due to hormonal differences, but lifestyle can definitely affect those changes.
Here’s what studies have found:
Some vision changes and diseases are genetic. However, they can still be prevented or halted no matter if that genetic component is there. No matter the condition, an eye doctor can help stop the progression of most eye diseases. Good nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, and frequent eye exams help. No matter if you already have vision changes, if you have an eye disease or you simply want to know about your eye health, we can help. Call Peeper’s Optical today at (303) 223-0401!